How To Write a Problem Statement (With an Example)

  • Home
  • Career Advice

How To Write a Problem Statement (With an Example)

How To Write a Problem Statement (With an Example)


In various aspects of life, from academia to business and beyond, identifying a clear problem is the crucial first step towards finding effective solutions. Whether you're embarking on a research project, initiating a new business endeavor, or seeking ways to improve a process, a well-crafted problem statement is key to defining the issue at hand. In this blog post, we will guide you through the process of writing a compelling problem statement, and we'll illustrate the steps with an example to provide a practical understanding of the concept.

What is a Problem Statement?

A problem statement is a concise and objective description of a current issue or challenge that demands prompt action for improvement. It articulates the barrier that hinders the smooth functioning of a process or the development of a product, highlighting the problematic state of affairs.

To maintain objectivity, a problem statement focuses solely on the factual aspects of the problem, omitting any subjective opinions. An effective approach to structure a problem statement is to ask key questions: who, what, when, where, and why, which help in presenting a clear and comprehensible problem.

By adopting this structured approach, the problem statement becomes easier to create, read, and understand, ultimately leading to a more viable solution. Additionally, the problem statement serves as a precursor to proposing a timely and effective resolution for the identified issue.

Identify the Core Issue

The first step in crafting an effective problem statement is to identify the core issue or challenge you want to address. Begin by asking yourself what problem you want to solve or what aspect you want to improve. It's essential to be specific and narrow down the focus to a single problem rather than a broad set of issues. Avoid ambiguous or vague language, as it may lead to confusion and hinder the problem-solving process.

Example: Let's consider an example of a business facing declining customer satisfaction in recent months.

Describe the Current State

Once you have identified the problem, provide context by describing the current state or situation. Highlight the key factors contributing to the problem and outline any relevant background information. This step sets the stage for understanding the severity and urgency of the issue at hand.

Example: The business has received an increasing number of negative customer reviews and complaints in the last six months. Customer feedback surveys indicate a significant drop in overall satisfaction rates, leading to customer retention challenges.

Define the Desired State

Next, clearly articulate the desired state or the ideal outcome you aim to achieve. State the specific goals or objectives you want to realize by addressing the identified problem. This step helps create a vision for the solution and aligns stakeholders towards a common purpose.

Example: The business seeks to increase customer satisfaction levels to match or exceed the industry average within the next quarter. The goal is to enhance customer loyalty and retention, resulting in improved business performance.

Measure and Quantify the Problem

To make the problem statement more concrete and measurable, include relevant data and statistics. Quantify the problem to demonstrate its magnitude and impact. This helps in assessing the success of the proposed solutions and provides a baseline for future comparisons.

Example: The current customer satisfaction rate stands at 68%, significantly lower than the industry average of 80%. Additionally, customer complaints have risen by 35% compared to the previous year.

Identify Constraints and Scope

Acknowledge any constraints or limitations that might impact the problem-solving process. This could include budgetary restrictions, time constraints, available resources, or other external factors that need to be considered while devising solutions.

Example: The business has a limited budget for customer experience improvements, and the solutions must be implemented without significant disruptions to ongoing operations.

Consider the Stakeholders

Recognize the key stakeholders who are affected by the problem and will be involved in implementing the solutions. Understand their perspectives, concerns, and needs, as their collaboration is essential for successful problem resolution.

Example: The stakeholders involved in addressing the customer satisfaction issue include the customer support team, product development department, and marketing team.


Crafting a well-defined problem statement is a fundamental step in any problem-solving endeavor. It sets the foundation for understanding the issue, developing viable solutions, and measuring success. By following the steps outlined in this blog post and understanding the importance of each element, you will be better equipped to articulate the problem at hand and devise effective strategies to overcome it.

Remember, a clear problem statement not only guides your own efforts but also communicates the issue to others, rallying their support and collaboration for a collective resolution. So, the next time you encounter a problem, take the time to draft a thoughtful problem statement—it's the first step towards finding meaningful solutions.